College of Education > Professional Development School > Secondary English > Inquiry Ideas > Models of Curriculum and Assumptions about Learning

Models of Curriculum and Assumptions about Learning

Content FocusedStudent CenteredPractice Oriented
Skills Explained as demonstrated, then practiced until automatic. Embedded in an activity or problem and learned as needed to complete it. Consequences of membership in a group working towards some valued object.
Objectives Acquiring ideas to gain access to knowledge communities and/or material/cultural capital. Personal development to achieve a more enlightened understanding. Increase participation in activities which create social practices and belonging.
Activity Sequenced ideas which gradually uncover and develop the best knowledge. Given problem or project narrowed by interests of learner to relevant purpose. Engage in valued activities of group and reflect on the underlying beliefs.
Knowledge Resides in the world and is universal for all. Individual arrives at different amounts through different relevant experiences. Constructed through symbolic interaction and specific to community action.
Relationships Expert-novice. Expert guide-explorer. Collaborative inquirers.
Assessment Comparison to predetermined standards for all learners. Developmental comparison to judge individual's progress on predetermined lines. Public reflection on activities in terms of desired community beliefs and values.
Decision-making Leadership. Ownership. Membership.
Literary Practices Reproduce conventions and genres of standard English. Question standard English and promote cultural dialect. Tools situated in purposeful activities of multiple worlds.